What are the symptoms of influenza? How to treat it and how to prevent it.

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What are the symptoms of influenza? How to treat it and how to prevent it.

Whenever the weather starts to change During that time the epidemic would begin to follow. Because in addition to the time the virus is ready to grow again Our bodies also quickly adapt to the new weather conditions. Anyone whose body cannot adapt quickly and is not strong enough will be attacked by the virus.

Moreover, the virus is also insidious. To the point of making it easier for us to catch the flu. Symptoms are getting worse and must use stronger medicine. Plus, there are many different breeds that confuse us. What breeds will there be? And there is a cure. And how to prevent it? Report from สมัคร ufabet

What is influenza?

Influenza is a condition in which the body is infected with the influenza virus that causes the acute respiratory system. Symptoms include sudden high fever, headache, body aches, and fatigue.

flu symptoms

For those who are sick with influenza When symptoms appear, they usually occur immediately and are characterized by a high fever of 38 – 41 degrees Celsius, a feeling of hot and cold, and aches and pains in the muscles and various parts of the body, especially in the upper arms, tingling area, and thighs. Then there is will have a headache Eye pain when moving When faced with light, tears will flow. Then you will feel tired, lose your appetite, bitter in your throat. You will also have a sore throat, stuffy nose, runny nose, dry cough, tightness in your stomach, nausea, and want to vomit. But in some cases, there may not be a stuffy nose. Or you can catch a cold at all.

In addition, there are other symptoms. Shown as follows

  • In cases of severe influenza, there may be symptoms of complications, such as mucus or thick, yellow or green mucus, ear pain, ringing in the ears, and loss of breath. Wheezing, severe coughing, chills, lethargy, dizziness, and/or heart failure.
  • Symptoms of influenza appear for about 1 – 7 days, with the most common being 3 – 5 days. Coughing and feeling tired may last for about 1 – 4 weeks, although other symptoms Even though it will subside
  • In some patients, after recovering from influenza, they may experience vertigo. This is due to inflammation of the balance organ within the inner ear.

flu symptoms How is it different from the common cold?

In general, the symptoms are quite similar to the common cold. Only there may be more serious symptoms. and lasts longer, such as a high fever and longer, more body aches more tired And it’s often immediate. It is not a gradual onset of symptoms like the common cold.

The flu can last 6-10 days, while the common cold can only last a few days. In addition, influenza carries a higher risk of complications. As a result, sometimes influenza patients may have to stay in the hospital. to watch for symptoms Prevent complications and the spread of the virus This depends on the doctor’s discretion.

Causes of influenza

The cause of influenza is because How about the flu virus ? You read that right! That’s what we call it casually. This influenza virus is a virus called Influenza Virus that is present in the saliva, mucus, and mucus of patients. This type of virus is classified in a group of viruses called Orthomyxovirus 

Strains of influenza

As far as we know, there are many strains of influenza. Can be divided into 2 large species:

  1. influenza type A
  2. Influenza type B

Strain C is less virulent. and does not cause an outbreak Therefore, it is not included in the group of influenza.

But for A, it can be divided into many smaller subdivisions as we see in the news, such as A(H1N1), A(H1N2), A(H3N2), A(H5N1) and A(H9N2) according to Different types of viral proteins are called hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase.

The strains of that have spread in the past 20 years and have caused death include influenza A, types H1N1 and H5N1, etc.

Who is at risk of getting the flu?

No matter what gender or age, you can be at risk of getting the flu. If the body’s immune system is not good enough But people are more at risk than others. Those with chronic diseases such as chronic lung disease, asthma, heart disease, diabetes, and the elderly.